How to Keep a Dog Healthy.
Your pets will always depend on you to keep your dog healthy. Routine check-ups, grooming, and frequent exercise will help keep your dogs super healthy. Also, it’s crucial for you to study your dogs’ habits – sleeping, drinking, eating, and more. A difference in those habits can sometimes be a sign that something is wrong with them.
Seek advice from your veterinarian on prevention and healthcare and always reach out to your doctor if you feel your dog is hurt or sick.
Signs of Robust Health
A strong coat, whether long or short, is bright and flexible, without unrestricted oiliness, hairless spots, or dandruff.
To ensure you do a proper check-up on your dog, brush hair to the back direction or gently blow on its stomach to see if some ticks or specks are hiding around the skin. When you begin to see black dirt on the skin, it could be an indication that there are flea droppings.
Check the skin in your dog’s ears to see if it’s clean and light pink. You should see some little brownish or yellow wax. And there should only be a small amount of crust or wax. If it’s large, then it’s not normal. There mustn’t be swelling or redness inside the dog’s ear. If the dog shakes his head or scratches his ear frequently, it’s abnormal, and should be checked to keep your dog healthy.
Your dog may have long ears that sway down, but you need to pay close attention to him to ensure that his ears are kept clean and dry internally and externally.
When you see some watery tears and mucus, it’s okay but shouldn’t be too much. Be sure that the lining of the eyelids shouldn’t be swollen, inflamed, or show a yellow discharge.
At the corner of an eye, you can notice your dog’s light membrane. You may find that it gradually comes up as he tries to sleep. This is meant to help cover his eye. Be sure that eyelashes do not rub his eyeball. The white color in his eyeballs must never turn to yellow.
Mouth and Teeth
Small pets have white teeth that are smooth but these tend to darken as they grow up. Just like the skin of the dog, his gums must be pink and firm, spotted, or black. The number of teeth depends on the breed. For example, an adult dog has about 42 permanent teeth, while a puppy has around 23 baby teeth. When it’s time for the adult teeth to come in, they remove baby teeth from the mouth.
When you want to inspect your dog’s mouth, the best thing to do is speak to the dog nicely, and then target the muzzle and raise the sides of his mouth. Make sure baby teeth are going away as he grows. Check that the gums are strong. If the breath is foul-smelling, then get some hard brown, white, or yellow matter. Any form of tartar or plaque should be washed away.
A dog can have infection in the mouth and that can seriously cause issues with the gums and the remaining parts of his body. It can also affect his heart; so try to pay special attention to your dog’s mouth and teeth.
The color of a pets nose can be pink, black, or a unified color as the coat. It all depends on the breed. Check that nasal discharge isn’t thick, yellowish, foul-smelling, or bubbly, but perfectly clear.
When the nose is wet and cool, it doesn’t mean that he’s healthy, and when the nose is warm and dry, it doesn’t signify that the dog is ill. The best way to know if a dog is sick is to use the temperature.
Heartbeat and Pulse
The heartbeats of dogs can vary based on their sizes. Normally, the heart beats 50-130 times per 60 seconds in a dog that’s resting. Small dogs and puppies can beat faster than adult dogs. Check the heartbeat of your dog by simply placing your fingers on the left side of the dog’s chest. This is where you can have the feeling of the strongest heartbeat.
Also, check the pulse by gently pressing on the top of the back leg. It’s easy to feel the pulse because the skin is light.
The normal temperature of a dog is 39 degrees Celsius (102 degrees Fahrenheit). Measure your dog’s temperature with a rectal thermometer. Lift the dog’s tail while you ask anyone to hold your dog in the head.
So insert an inch of the thermometer in the rectum. Do not dismiss the thermometer. Simply hold it and only remove when the temperature is taken. It can last for up to three minutes for the mercury thermometer to take the dog’s temperature.
It’s the balance between exercise and diet that determines the weight of a healthy dog. If you’re giving him nutritious meals and he’s doing enough exercise but still appears under- or overweight, he might be having health challenges.
Avoid giving your dog lots of snacks just to boost his body fat. Excessive body fat can cause him lots of health problems. To know if your dog is overweight, simply feel the ribs below the skin’s surface.
Urine is one of the good signs of a dog’s health. It tells when the dog is healthy and when he needs the urgent attention of a veterinarian. The urine should be yellowish and clean. The stools’ color should be brown.
Adult dogs usually have 1-2 bowel moves per day. If the stools are bloody, watery, or runny, you need to urgently seek medical advice. If the dog has little or no urination, then it warrants talking to a veterinarian. The same is applicable when the dog has too much of urination.
If you’re giving your dog constant vaccinations through a Vet, you will save him from getting fatal sicknesses such as hepatitis, parvo virus, distemper, rabies, corona virus, and leptospirosis.
The first vaccines of a puppy should be given in the 5th and 6th week. And the vaccines should continue for up to 16 weeks of age. After this, you can give regular booster shots. These will keep your pet safe, keep you dog healthy and well protected. You must keep to the schedule your Vet recommends in order to give the dog a good immune system.